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A Growing Challenge for Society and How to Tackle It

Elderly Healthcare: A Growing Challenge for Society and How to Tackle It

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According to WHO reports, if the period from 2015 to 2050 is taken into consideration, the number of older adults has doubled. This reflects a 12 to 22 percent growth. Based on this, there is an assumption that the number of older people in the age of 60 years is increasing from 900 million to 2 billion by that time. The reason behind this is that healthcare is consistently progressing and implementing innovations like the temperature scanning system, and as a result life expectancy is also increasing with the coming of a large number of elderly populations globally. If you know of an elder that is being abused at a nursing home contact a nursing home abuse attorney or a nursing home neglect lawyer as soon as possible.

Elderly Healthcare: A Growing Challenge for Society and How to Tackle It

So, elderly healthcare is a growing concern across the world, and the USA is no exception. This led to a demographic crisis that creates a challenge for society. The WHO treats a person as an elderly who have reached the age of 65 or above. If you look at memory care nursing homes davis, ca, you can see that the older population encounter various difficulties in day to day life and as such need constant medical support. In particular, in home nursing services and senior home care services like the one provided by Wilshire Health & Community Services – home health aide.

Challenges In Front of a Society Dominated By the Elderly

According to health insurance consulting improved healthcare and better access to First Aid Courses results in increasing life expectancy, but it equally creates the need for innovations in the field of healthcare and medical assistance. Specialized facilities like this senior assisted living Monroe Township, NJ exist, and they fulfill their role marvelously by providing the proper care to those who need it like helping install stair lifts to those have don’t have much mobility to get around the house. Unfortunately these kind of facilities are often not enough to deal with all of the senior citizens in a given area, and as such a solution on behalf of the government should arise, as per their responsibility to society.

Prevention of illnesses help to deal with the existing diseases, and the efforts should be to improve the scope of preventive healthcare. Also, looking for an in home care or assisted living community can be a great option.

In developed countries, a large number of deaths are reported from heart attacks, strokes, and cancer. These are progressive diseases and should be detected early. Timely medical checkups enable to identify the risk associated with the elderly people and take necessary measures on that. The elderly population is more susceptive to illnesses because the immune system goes for a toss in old age, this is how autoimmune therapy can help the elderly. Apart from this factor, neurological degenerative diseases like dementia and Alzheimer are also becoming common among them. This means that In Home Hospice Care that provides assisted living or elder care is needed in a society with such a larger elderly population with the help of professionals like a holistic practitioner. You can visit https://www.oxford-healthcare.com/tulsa-home-care-services/. This home health care provides access to every service, resource, and option available to help you, or your loved one, stay in the independent comfort of home.

Challenges In Front of a Society Dominated By the Elderly

How to counter the challenges?

Daily assistance becomes necessary in this situation. As the number of health problems is numerous among the elderly, the effort is to find a multi-faceted approach to healthcare. Some essential measures which can be taken in this regard are –

•    The first and foremost is that of a preventive healthcare system in society. It should include medical routine checkups that help to detect anything in advance before they become chronic. This helps to maximize the treatment process.

•    Secondly, the elderly people themselves and their immediate families should know about the diseases that are imminent in the old age so that they can be identified in the early stage and start the required treatment.

•    Thirdly there is the need for proper insurance care designed for the elderly. This is because the expense involved in medical care is growing at an exorbitant rate. The cost of nursing and related medical care is increasing rapidly, and so a quality insurance program and other welfare measures should be the top priority of the country.   

•    The effort should be directed to ensure a healthy body and mind of the elderly people as it will make them less vulnerable to diseases. It is essential to ensure a regular exercise regime and help them to maintain a nutritious diet to retain their health. Mobility is restricted in old age, and this creates the need for a regular exercise to maintain their health and boost the immunity system.

Medical Records Play an Important Role in Ensuring Quality Care

While talking about the improvements in health care, medical records are one of them. It refers to as the repository of a patient’s medical history and the ongoing treatment procedures. Various relevant information provided by the patients and the care team is included in these records. Some facilities or hospitals are using Foresee Medical software platform that can give online records of patients.

Medical record review is an essential part of the whole care management system. By reviewing them, the healthcare professionals know about any error and monitor the treatment process and then reach on a calculated decision on the condition of the patient. Apart from all these, medical records fulfill several requirements in the medical world.

Final Notes

Aging is a continuous process, and it creates a significant impact on the physical and mental capacities of an individual. Apart from treatment and the regular exercise they also need constant support from their families and the infrastructure. Since it is not possible for the families to involve in the process of care, they rely on healthcare consultants or agencies to disperse the service.  To assist elderly people to live independently will add to their dignity and will improve their quality of life.


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Healthcare Surrogates and the Role They Play in the End Life Care Treatment

Healthcare Surrogates and the Role They Play in the End Life Care Treatment

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Definition of the Term

The term healthcare surrogate is related to the end life care treatment of an individual, most often an elderly patient. It is a designated title that is given to a competent adult who is responsible for making healthcare decisions on behalf of a patient who is damaged due to illness.

The responsibilities of a healthcare surrogate are diverse. It includes applying for public benefits on behalf of the patient to enable him to pay the cost of healthcare, getting the patient admitted in a hospital or getting transferred from one facility to another, be it a nursing home, home care or any hospital.

Alternatively known as health care proxy, a healthcare surrogate is an advocate of the patient that makes important decisions about personal care of the patients. The importance of healthcare surrogate is that elderly person lying at hospitals often found in a condition when they are not able to make decisions regarding their health. Moreover, it is also noticed that many times the family members are also not able to make decisions confidently. So in such situations surrogate decision making is inevitable and necessary.

healthcare surrogate

This healthcare decision making could be done entirely by the surrogates or sometimes jointly by the patient and the surrogate. They usually confront with a lot of decisions in both the intensive care units and the hospital ward setting. The hospitals are bound to accept the role played by the surrogates and to support them when they make significant decisions about the patient for example, such as removing life support.

The patient can himself choose a healthcare surrogate through the medical power of attorney in a legal manner in ahead to achieve better care and treatment at the end of the years. The healthcare surrogate is authorized by filling out the Designation of Health Care Surrogate form. For the purpose, it is advisable that the patient should discuss his wishes reading his treatment and care with the surrogate in advance. Because in case the surrogate is not aware of the interest of the patient he or she would make decisions keeping in mind the best interest of the patient.

This concept of healthcare surrogate comes under the advance directive principles stated by the law of the country.

Advance directives are a written statement where a person states how he wants his medical decisions to be realized in the due course of time. Some do it in the wake of their deadly illness while some healthy people do it as part of their estate planning.

The Florida healthcare surrogate law is also called Advance directives that talk about these healthcare surrogate professionals. The state of Florida has its legal advance directives. It is written in chapter 765 of Florida statutory obligations regarding advance healthcare directives. This law recognizes the right of an adult to prepare advance directives in the presence of his physician to provide or withhold the treatment or in extreme situations can withdraw life support. It also states that the patient can designate another person to do the same on behalf of him. Moreover, the law also makes it clear that you need not necessarily have to be incompetent to choose a healthcare surrogate.

Do You Know 27 Percent of The Americans States that They Have Not Given Proper Thought to This Aspect?

Yes, they have given little thought about how their end of life care should be materialized. So in the absence of advance care directives, they rely on their respective state’s default surrogate statutory regulations. These regulations usually grant a person or some selected type of people to make healthcare decisions on behalf of the patient.

Advance Directives in the USA, A Statistical Analysis

As stated by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine in the year 2014, only about a quarter or 26 percent of the people has an advance directive in the form of a living will.

•    As per statistics that were done in the year 2017, more than one-third of the US adults enjoy an advanced medical directive or a living will. The same study says nearly 37 percent of the Americans have prepared their advance directives especially for an end to life care. Another fact pointed out by this research is that almost half of the American people enjoying living wills are not suffering from chronic illness.

•    A total of 150 studies conducted between 2000 and 2015 talks about the completion of advance care directives in the USA. The participants were both healthy and sick, and it has found that 36.7 percent of adults completed an advanced directive of some kind. Among the population, 29 percent has living wills, 33 percent had health care powers of attorney, and 32 percent had undefined advanced directives.

According to a Lung Cancer Lawyer it has said those elderly patients and those who are receiving care while suffering from a severe illness like lung cancer are expected to have advance directives. Those end-of-life cares are commonly found with patients suffering from dementia. It is less common with people infected with HIV/AIDS. What is clear from this study that only a meager portion of the population has the willingness to go for a consensus on end of life treatment and it is really surprising.

The proponents of advance care planning are of the view that the legalities involved in the mater should be removed so that it helps the completion of the process and bring some flexibility into the matter.

Eligibility for the Position

An individual adult who is of 18 years old and above can be a healthcare surrogate. The patient should ask the surrogate in advance if he would like to act before making advance directives or living will. The patient is also allowed to find the second alternative in case the first surrogate is not available.

The patient must sign the Designation of Health Care Surrogate form or can have someone else signed on behalf of him at your instruction. The process should be witnessed by two adults. Most importantly, your witnesses cannot be your designated surrogate. One witness should not be your blood relative or your spouse.

Powers and Limitations of a Surrogate Professional

Surrogate healthcare must use substituted judgment in the process of decision making on behalf of the patient. He or she may refuse or consent to the healthcare of the patient. Though in practice, the surrogate is bound to act in the best interest of the patient irrespective of the fact whether he is appointed by the court or the patient. In case of absence of a living will the healthcare surrogate can use this substituted judgment based on what the patient would desire in such situations. This process requires further discussion with others who know the patient for a long time. Several states have formulated measures to prevent any misuse of the power of a surrogate and the subsequent suffering of the patients.

Challenges Involved in Surrogacy Decision Making

Despite the legal enforcement in this matter, some evaluations are necessary in this regard such as whether the decision of surrogates can reflect a family or cultural values, whether the decision of a surrogate demonstrates the patient’s values and how to formulate a more accurate decision-making process.

When a surrogate is hierarchically appointed, little importance is given on the collaborative decision-making process. The family surrogates often face challenges in understanding the possible healthcare options so that they can make a well-informed decision which represents their loved one’s values and goals in life.

Does the Patient Have The Right To Decide?

As per rule, every patient has the right to make decisions relating to his or her health, and it includes the right to choose or refuse any medical treatment. When the person is not in a condition to do this, the primary physician has the right to decide the course of treatment.

What Happens When a Patient Fails To Name A Representative For Himself?

In case the patient fails to choose a representative he should make a living will to state his wishes about his medical treatment. But it is always preferable to choose a healthcare surrogate when the patient is in the best state of health so that no confusion arises in the last days of treatment.

The Florida Healthcare Surrogate Law Has Entrusted the Doctors to Choose From the Following List of People in the Absence of a Healthcare Surrogate

The guardian of the patient

•    The spouse of the patient

•    His adult children

•    His parents

•    His adult brothers and sisters

•    His relatives who know the patient well and his wishes

Usually, in the United States, such an agent is chosen by the current physician or advanced practice registered nurse. The hierarchies of healthcare surrogates are varied from state to state, but in most cases, these people are picked up. When lots of such people are available within the priority category, a consensus is reached among them about who will take care of the patient.

In the absence of any of this someone else can be designated by the hospital ethics committee after consulting with the doctors. 

A patient also must fulfill specific criteria to be able to select a healthcare surrogate. He must have any disability such as mental illness or any impairment that restricts his ability to perform daily routine activities, or cognitive degeneration or lack of all the people that are listed above. However, the state of Florida is an exception here because one can choose a designate without suffering from any illness. 

Final Insights

Promoting end life care has been a significant concern in the country since the days of Medicare, the national health insurance program for older adults over 65. It started reimbursing physicians in the hope of improving advanced care planning counseling. The effort is to how to widen its reach so that more and more seniors could enjoy the better end of life treatment.

Healthcare for the elderly in America is an ongoing concern. The growing number of senior American adults has raised enormous concern for medical professionals and the healthcare planning advocates. The number of Americans with chronic diseases is also showing an alarming rate. Hence it is necessary that the patient’s families and physicians should get into effective communication about the healthcare and end of life care of the patients. No doubt, a healthcare surrogate from a quality provider would make things easier to manage.


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Challenges on the road to elderly Healthcare in the United States

Challenges on the road to elderly Healthcare in the United States

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Nobody can escape old age; it is a natural progression, an eternal truth in mankind. Aging comes with a lot of challenges, both mentally and physically as it causes the onset of multiple numbers of diseases. Though there is no anonymous opinion found in the exact elderly age, yet people over the age of 65 is generally considered under this category.

The older population in America born between 1946 and 1964, which are popularly called baby boomers covers 28 percent of the country’s population and hence elderly healthcare is a growing concern in the country. This is because age comes with several numbers of debilitating diseases like heart problem, Alzheimer, cancer, diabetes etc which interfere in their general ability to perform day to day tasks.

As healthcare services have improved in modern days, the life expectancy of people has also increased across the world resulting in a growing number of elderly populations in this earth. According to the sibo functional medicine by Functional Medicine Associates this subsequently creates the demand for a serious focus on how to cater to the need of the preventive health checkups and the medical necessities of the elderly people.

Presently there are around 12 million older Americans that need immediate help because they are completely relying on nursing homes, home health care, or their family members to carry out the day to day activities like bathing, dressing, eating and paying monthly bills.

The issue with the aging population is that they are prone to develop chronic diseases, physical disabilities and the most difficult situation called co-morbidity which again makes the treatment very difficult.

Elderly Healthcare in the United States

The healthcare needs of the elderly population cannot be overlooked. It is a welcoming thing that the government of the United States spends double on healthcare compared to other developed nations. As statistics claim, about 18 percent of the country’s gross domestic product is spent on the health care systems.

The percentage of the country’s economy is dedicated towards the health care of individuals aged 65 and above goes beyond 5 percent which is stated to be doubled by the year of 2030 and will triple by 2050.

Geriatrics Care that Dedicated Towards Elderly Healthcare

It is a branch of medicine that is dedicated for the unique health care requirements of the elderly and dedicated towards the prevention and treating of diseases and disabilities of the aging population.

This geriatrician is a trained medical professional who specializes in the treatment of elderly but in reality, it includes a broad spectrum of healthcare professionals including the nurses, social workers, physical therapists, nutritionist, and psychologist.

Elderly healthcare cost

In 2016, less than half of the US population was convinced that the elderly health care system is in the right place and dealing with the aging population. However, it was cleared from many reports that several such elderly people did not even take preventive measures to prepare themselves for age-related complications.

The cost of the treatment of the growing number of senior adults in America is not paid by the seniors but by the government programs like Medicare, Medicaid, and the veteran’s administration and sometimes the private insurers. These programs cover the doctor fee, hospitals stay, assisted living facilities pay, nursing homes, prescription fee etc.

As many as 40.3 million of USA senior adults are experiencing benefits out of this, which covers almost 13.4 percent of the population.

Growing Need of Healthcare Professionals

As statistics have shown, the country is experiencing fewer births and longer living adults. This necessitates the growing demand for elderly healthcare and nursing facilities in the country.

Around 60 percent of the elderly population in America is suffering from arthritis, joint inflammation, diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension etc. They need regular health checkups and require taking prescriptions and a healthy diet. 

They require a robust healthcare system to access medical care like hospitals, medical centers, physicians, nurses, therapists, dieticians, chiropractors, acupuncturists etc. This is the reason why healthcare in America is the fast growing.

Baby boomers prone to develop dementia, brittle bones and other musculoskeletal problems and it put them in a position where they cannot manage their day to day life on their own. Recovery takes longer due to their old age and thus they become a burden for their immediate families which makes them susceptible to abuse.

Shortage of Elderly Care Staff

There is already a shortage of staff for elderly healthcare in the country. Hospitals, aged care homes, and all other care facilities are trying to cater to the needs of the growing number of elderly in the country. According to reports, there is already a shortage of trained nurses for the elderly care in the country and the demand is growing by 10 percent.

As much as 80 million people in the country will be requiring greater healthcare and an acute shortage of the providers of such care services.

Initiative of the Government

Due to this reason, the federal government has been trying to divert the responsibility of elderly care to the local communities. They want the baby bombers to be looked after where they reside and work.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act came in 2010 was a significant development in the wave of this growing healthcare needs of baby boomers. It was created with the aim to enable access to health insurance, protection of the interest of the patients from the coercive actions of the insurance companies and reduce the overall costs. Thankfully, services such as OEP offer medical insurance policies for those in need.

Reportedly, the Federal government has dedicated $11 billion for the development of the community health care centers as the number of elderly people using these centers is expecting to be doubled in the coming decade.

The Coming of the Special Care Centers

The coming of the special care centers is a wonderful development in this respect. They play a great role in managing the life of the elderly population in the USA and have helped to shift the burden from the immediate family members. These centers provide a lot of professionals and staff to take care of the elderly population and help them to manage their life better without depending on others.

The chronic disease management program is a part of this initiative which teaches elderly people to become self-sufficient in managing their routine works and thus lead a life with dignity.

The Demand is Growing for Care Professionals

Numerous efforts are being made to train and hire more nurses and home care professionals. Nursing is also going to be most sought after professions in the coming years in the country. Geriatric and aged-care nurses will bear the fruit. The nursing informatics is a system through which nurses can diagnose the patient and monitor them from a distance through their smartphones. The home care nurses are especially in demand that takes care of the elderly at home and helps them with their day to day medical necessities.

The memory care coordinator is another professional who helps elderly people diagnosed with dementia and other memory loss illnesses. They usually work in the residents of a special care facility helping patients to deal with various stages of memory loss and to manage their condition.

Health coaches or wellness coaches are type of professionals who are responsible for educating and supporting senior adults about how to achieve health goals by way of making changes in behavior and lifestyle.

The role of a Health Coach in managing the healthcare of the elderly

A health coach is a trained professional who after one year of training get certified to become work in a private setting or special care set up. He or she will focus not only on the diet of the elderly people but also on an improvement in their lifestyle.

Often doctors, nutritionist, and dieticians do not have that much of time to continuously take care of an elderly patient and this gap has been filled by a health coach.

A health coach does not prescribe you a specific diet or a specific way of eating. He or she will assist the elderly people in experimenting with different type of diet and eating habits that will suit them. They also try hard to alter the diet and lifestyle of the senior individuals so that they continue to make good progress.

No doubt health coaches are one of the most sought after professionals that are highly demanded the care of the elderly. At this present age when lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and depression, which are the major killers, health coaches provide the patients with the much-needed lifestyle and nutritional guidance and their role is of tremendously important.

Heath coaches are not medical professionals and they cannot diagnose health conditions or cannot prescribe medicines and suggest any higher or lower doses for the complications suffered by elderly people, yet they play a great role in the well being of the senior patients. They have changed the perception of old age by helping senior adults to treat and to see old age from a different perspective.

The country has done much more towards healthcare compared to other developed nations since there were complaints about elderly people not receiving proper medical facilities. Undoubtedly, the healthcare system in America is undergoing massive changes to prepare itself for meeting the demands of the baby boomers population. More is the number of older population; more will be the demand for assisted living facilities and medical care in the long run. Baby boomers will continue require nurses in the coming years which mean healthcare is one such profession which will continue to flourish in the coming years.


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Things to Know About Effective Memory Care for the Elderly

Things to Know About Effective Memory Care for the Elderly

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As the world celebrates the National Alzheimer’s Disease Awareness Month every November, it is high time to pay attention to effective memory care for the elderly.

Memory care is also defined as one of the major priorities as identified by the National Institutes of Health towards coming across improved treatments and innovative interventions for the devastating disease “Alzheimer’s Disease.” When it comes to ensuring the best-ever memory care for the elderly, reputed elderly healthcare organizations or baby boomers are known for providing the same effectively.

As per the Alzheimer’s Association in the United States of America, an approximate 45 percent of American seniors who are aged 85 and above suffer from the disease. Given the seriousness of the medical condition, the high-end elderly healthcare units or organizations make it a point to deliver effective memory care to the elderly present there. Working in the guidance of a professional memory care coordinator, the elderly men& women can fight Alzheimer’s Disease effectively.

Top Facts About Memory Care for the Elderly

The overall demand for high-quality memory care for the elderly is estimated to rise rapidly over the coming times.

Top Facts About Memory Care for the Elderly

Most of the high-end baby boomers out there are expected to ensure effective treatment of the aged people with dementia and Alzheimer’s. As the elderly care industry is gearing up improvements in the recent era, there are more advanced memory care units delivering top-class services. There are also in home care professionals that are capable of taking care of seniors with dementia at home.

Here are some points to consider:

Memory Care is Comprehensive:

While memory care in support from a professional memory care coordinator might appear expensive for some, it is comprehensive and highly effective at the same time. Assisted living on a regular basis provides the aged individuals with personal care & support including timely meals, help with dressing, bathing, and normal day-to-day activities. Such advanced memory care facilities are known to extend a bit further by providing in-depth care to those with Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. The memory care units also provide 24-hour care & supervision for patients at different stages of the disease.

Memory Care Communities Serve People with Dementia

The overall environment of the memory care units or communities is quite secure. The atmosphere gets designed & developed by some of the leading dementia experts towards reducing the overall risks or dangers from wandering of the patients. The hallway along with other design features tend to be color-coded. This helps the patients in navigation and reduces the overall anxiety amongst the residents. The presence of the safe environment for the patients in the memory care communities also encourage the residents to be independent –as long as possible. Find more information at https://www.peachtreehillsplace.com/theterraces/.

Memory Care Units Provide Programs:

Towards helping with specific behavioral issues, the memory care units are known to provide specific programs at the same time. In addition to the high-end leisure programs, additional programs like therapeutic programs are also included. These programs aim at addressing issues like wandering, memory impairment, and other common behavioral issues associated with dementia towards improving the overall quality of life. Effective memory care tends to be evolving as major elderly healthcare providers aim at offering highly advanced memory care programs that address individual stages of the disease.

Memory Care Improves Quality of Life:

Communities offering memory care programs have reported representing higher quality of life and safety amongst the patients. Additional benefits of effective memory care for the elderly include reduced medications, reduced side effects from the medication, fewer injuries, falls, and fewer hospital visits. There have been cases of increased wellness and nutrition at the same time.

Know about the potential benefits of effective memory care for the elderly.

Call today for a free consultation, 919-622-0840 or email me at babyboomhealth@gmail.com.


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Journal on Alzheimer’s and Dementia Disease : Predictions for 2019

Journal on Alzheimer’s and Dementia Disease : Predictions for 2019

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Alzheimer’s And Dementia Assessment

The term “Alzheimer’s” and “Dementia” are related but there are differences between the two. Dementia is not a specific disease. It is an overall term used to describe a set of symptoms such as memory loss, difficulty in thinking skills, and other problem that can be severe enough to reduce the person’s ability to perform everyday activities. Dementia is caused by damage to brain cells, and because Alzheimer’s destroy the brain, it is one of the most common causes of dementia.

Alzheimer’s and Dementia
Dementia:

Dementia is the umbrella term of individual’s changes in memory, thinking, or interpretation. There are many possible causes of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, a high level of proteins inside and outside brain cells make it difficult for brain cells to stay healthy and to communicate with each other. That is the reason, why memory loss is one of the earliest symptoms of Alzheimer’s.

Dementia Prevention:
  • Physical exercise: Physical exercise can be helpful to reduce the risk of dementia. Data says that exercise can directly benefit brain cells by increasing blood and oxygen circulation to the brain.
  • Diet: Your food leaves a great impact on your body and brain health. The current data shows that healthy eating patterns, like the Mediterranean diet, can also help to protect the brain. A Mediterranean diet includes relatively little red meat and including whole grains, fruits and vegetables, fish and shellfish, nuts, and other healthy fats.

 

Alzheimer’s:

Alzheimer’s is the most common reason for dementia, approximately 60 percent to 80 percent of all dementia cases account for a general term for memory loss and other cognitive capabilities that can be severe enough to interact with daily life. Alzheimer’s is not a normal part of aging, it is generally a brain disease. Alzheimer’s get more severe over time as it is a progressive disease, where dementia symptoms slowly deteriorate over a number of years. In its initial stage, memory loss is slow, but with the late stage Alzheimer’s, a person loses the ability to interact and respond to their environment. Alzheimer’s is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Individuals with Alzheimer’s live an average of eight years after their symptoms become noticeable to others.  Survival can range from 4 to 20 years depending on their age and other medical conditions.

Impact of Alzheimer’s and Dementia

According to the Alzheimer’s Association, among 50 million people worldwide, 5 million people are dealing with the same. Excepting any developments in prevention or treatment ways, this number is projected to reach almost 14 million by 2050. According to this statistics, 16 million Americans who provide unpaid care for people living with Alzheimer’s or dementia also get the impact of the disease. More than 80 percent of care provided at home is delivered by family members, friends, or other unpaid caregivers.

Facts and Figures -Alzheimer’s Association
  • One in 10 people age 65 and older (10 percent) has Alzheimer’s dementia.
  • Nearly two-thirds of Americans with Alzheimer’s are women.
  • Older individuals are about twice as likely to have Alzheimer’s or other dementias.

As the number of older American is increasing quickly, so will the number of new and existing cases of Alzheimer’s. By the mid of the century, someone in the USA will develop Alzheimer’s every 65 seconds.

FDA-Approved Treatments for Symptoms

Currently, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s and no way to prevent the underlying death of brain cells. Non-drug treatments and medications can help with both cognitive and behavioral symptoms. It is significant to discuss suitable treatments with your practitioner.

Non-drug treatments

Non-drug methods to managing behavioral symptoms promote physical and emotional comfort. Many of these methodologies intend to identify and address the needs that the person with Alzheimer’s may have. As the disease progresses the individual may have difficulty with expressing themselves.

Medications

Three type of drugs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Three types of drugs are currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

The first, cholinesterase (KOH-luh-NES-ter-ays) inhibitors, prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine (a-SEA-til-KOH-lean), a chemical messenger important for memory and learning. By keeping levels of acetylcholine high, these drugs support communication among nerve cells. Three cholinesterase inhibitors commonly prescribed are:

  • Donepezil (Aricept®)
  • Rivastigmine (Exelon®)
  • Galantamine (Razadyne®)

The second type of drug works by regulating the activity of glutamate, a different chemical messenger involved in information processing:

  • Memantine (Namenda®)

The third type is a combination of a cholinesterase inhibitor and a glutamate regulator.

The efficiency of these treatments is individualized and results vary.  The medication may temporarily help the symptoms but will not stop the brain changes that cause Alzheimer’s to become more severe over time.

Alzheimer’s / Dementia Research

Research in the last tenner can help anyone to understand the disease as a continuum, meaning that the biological modifications related to Alzheimer’s develop many years before symptoms appear. This sets the mark for possible prevention of the disease because once we have the complete tools and techniques to identify the risk of the disease of individuals at the initial stage and the medications to treat them will be easy to intervene and stop the progression of the disease. Researchers are looking at new treatment methodologies and advocating for more federal research funding.

Clinical Studies Drive Progress:

The clinical study is one method that everyone can get involved, it is directly involved in the effort to fight Alzheimer’s disease. Due to the lack of clinical research, and the help of human volunteers, it is difficult for scientists to discover methods of prevention, treatment and, ultimately, a cure.

Clinical Trials:

Clinical studies test non-drug experiments to know their impact on factors like enhancing life quality. Every clinical trial attempts valuable and knowledgeable techniques to achieve favorable results. For individuals who are currently living with dementia, there are some extra advantages to involving in clinical trials, which includes access to medical care and promising cures.


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Future of Assisted Living Facilities in the US | Comprehensive Report- 2019

Future of Assisted Living Facilities in the US | Comprehensive Report- 2019

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The Assisted Living Facility (ALF) is a housing facility and retirement community that tends to the need of the elderly population who choose to live in an environment that takes care of all their needs. It provides excellent services for seniors and elderly who wish to live independently but would also like to have someone take care with their daily requirements.

The ALF is a growing industry and is supposed to grow even further in the coming years due to the late ‘baby boomers’ falling into this category. This industry is primarily divided into two categories – continuing care retirement communities which provides on-site facilities and home for the elderly which does not have the care facility.

ALF in North Carolina

North Carolina’s unique demography presents a challenge and an opportunity to its economic system. This state is perfectly divided into two generations, with the median age being 38.7 years, making it the 20th oldest state in the US.

ALF in North Carolina

As per the reports released in 2016, Utah is the youngest state while Maine is the oldest state with the median age being 30.8 and 44.6 years respectively.

“Baby Boomers” stepping onto a new stage

As of 2017, it was estimated that more than 59 million individuals belonged to the age group of 65 and above, which is approximately 15% of the total population in the US. In comparison, North Carolina has over 1.4 million individuals belonging to the same age group attributing a little over 14.3% of the total state’s population. The rise in the number of this age group is estimated to increase at almost 3 million a year.

This presents a challenge to the whole US economic system where a significantly large proportion of the population has not prepared themselves financially for this stage.

“Baby Boomers in North Carolina”

Baby Boomers in North Carolina

Overall, most of the counties in North Carolina saw an increase in the median age with the highest being recorded for Brunswick County – 52.9 years

Costs associated with Assisted Living Facilities (ALF)

The monthly costs associated with Assisted Living are slightly higher than living at home but it does not consider the expenses which are borne by the elderly when they live at home like medical, entertainment and other living expenses.

The costs for ALF are also increasing steadily with the rise in costs of medical and health assisted living for elderly healthcare services, real estate costs associated with the facility and an increase in health insurance premiums.

Costs associated with Assisted Living Facilities (ALF)

Paying the ALF

There are a few options through which the ALF can be paid. Rates for each source varies depending on the state and income of the individual person. One can also opt to pay out of their own account if they have a significant amount of savings.

Selling-off property

An individual moving to an ALF can choose to sell off their home in order to receive the sum which can be used for paying the facility. If the home is outrightly owned by the individual the transaction becomes easier. However, if the home is on a mortgage then the individual might have to consider a reverse mortgage.

Veterans Assistance

Individuals who have assets worth under $80,000 can qualify for the Veteran’s Aid and Attendance Pension. This is a good source which pays a significant sum every month towards the ALF. There are other state and federal level programs which an individual can opt.

Medicaid

This program is applicable to both state and federal level which helps the senior in paying some of its cost provided they meet the income requirements. The minimum requirements vary from state to state. State-based Medicaid covers many community-based services like personal care and supportive services. However, it does not pay for room and board costs.

Medicare

Medicare is a federal program that provides assistance to those who are above 65 years. However, it does not cover assisted living if an individual owns the Original Medicare. There is some flexibility which is available if an individual has an extended advantage plan. This plan provides some services like hospital readmissions and access to Medicare Part B therapy.

Economic Impact of Aging Baby Boomers

With the growing population of Baby Boomers, the costs associated with the Assisted Living industry has also increased. This, in turn, has made some deep impact on the US economy.

  1. With a monthly service fee of $3,550 amounting to annual revenue of $3.2 million, it is the 47th largest economy in the US.
  2. Not counting the smaller units of Assisted Living facilities, it gives employment to nearly 400,000 individuals
  3. Over 11,000 Assisted Living communities have more than 80 residents per facility
  4. Total annual gross revenue is $33.1 billion
  5. Total annual wages and salaries is $10.6 billion

As more baby boomers start falling into this category, the larger will this industry grow. By 2030, the early Gen X will also fall into the category of 65+ making it even bigger than before. The economic impact of the senior cohort is sizable. Research indicates that direct spending on healthcare and on consumer goods and services will increase.

 

Conclusion

The Full Service Assisted Living Facility is a growing sector which will continue to grow sharply in the coming years. It will have implication on both the US economy and society.  Economically it will surpass some of the industries while socially it will become a hub for the elderly where they can experience a new life.

  • ALF will have to incorporate new social entertainment sections to meet the demands of the growing baby boomers.
  • Costs associated with ALF will increase. This means the baby boomers and the early Gen-X will have to plan ahead to ensure all their requirements are met post-retirement.
  • The facilities have to be located in neighborhood having low crime rates and good connectivity to urban centers.
  • ALF will have to adopt new methods to meet the demands of the affluent elderly individuals. It is imperative that they have provisions for accommodating the grandchildren or children of the affluent individuals.

As the US transitions towards a senior population, the ALF will become a valuable asset in terms of economic growth and opportunity.


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